How people most affected by legacies of colonialism are described
AAME. BAME. BME. African, Asian and Minority Ethnic.
Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (UK only) Common in media and policy making. Contested usefulness as it promotes binary with ‘White’ or those not routinely radicalised. Often used as a word without expansion or detail. BIPOC. Black, Indigenous, People of Colour (North America).
African American Vernacular English, a subsection of English created and used by the African Diaspora in North America. Culturally diverse/ethnically diverse. Gaining popularity as a short-hand for people with non-European ancestry/self-identity.
Ethnic minority/minority ethnic
Related to acronym BAME.
Those who lived and live in lands that were later colonised, in North America also known as First Nations. Immigrants and migrants (black and brown) vs. colonial settlers and ex-pats (white).
The combination of disadvantage experienced by a person because of multiple forms of prejudice e.g. race and gender, or race and disability, or geographic origin/accent and class. May also describe a complex of multiple identities. Marginalised. Describing people who are denied decision-making powers and representation in public spaces and roles, including collections. Also underserved.
People of colour.
People who experience or are disadvantaged by systemic racism. Also those whose ethnicity is usually highlighted in descriptions and policy, in comparison to those whose ethnicity is ignored.
People whose direct cultural and ancestral heritage resides in institutions outside their country and those in diaspora communities with a connection to that heritage.
Those who disproportionately do not benefit from services because of unfair practices.
Other ways in which decolonising practice is talked about
Anti-African hate and racism.
Specific racial prejudice against Black people. Including anti-black sentiment in non-white cultural groups.
Actively against colonial actions, structures and institutions, often calling for their dismantling.
Hatred and distrust of Jews and Jewishness.
Black Lives Matter. #BlackLivesMatter. Sometimes shortened to BLM.
Decentralised social and political movement originating in the USA but spreading globally in 2020 to campaign for systemic societal change and the dismantling of white supremacy.
Prevailing Western starting point based in culturally Christian dogma (not an attack on Christianity as religious belief and practice).
Denoting or relating to a world view that promotes heterosexuality as the normal or preferred sexual orientation.
Most commonly used to refer to representation in a group or workforce based on expanding from the dominance of people with a narrow range of identities and lived experiences, e.g. racial or ethnic diversity, disability and neurodiversity, class and wealth. Also used to describe the progressive attitude/behaviour of an organisation in relation to its people, or ‘undiverse’ being the opposite. Frequently used in conjunction with equality, equity and inclusion.
Giving people who are marginalised or disadvantaged what they need to access things or be represented fairly.
Making assumptions about another culture or group based on preconceptions originating in one’s own culture or cultural understanding; or assuming your race or nationality is superior to those of other cultures.
Assuming the preeminence or importance of people and things originating in European countries e.g. Britain, Belgium, Netherlands, France, Germany, Italy.
Belief in the superiority of one cultural group or race over another e.g. White supremacy, English exceptionalism.
Countries previously described as ‘third-world’ or ‘developing’. A shifting meaning, used in economics and post-colonial studies.
Selective telling, remembering of partial histories that suppress stories of wrong-doing, oppression of and violence against other people.
Employing the discourse of marginalisation and oppression to further the cause of raising awareness of your people, a community, or those who hold similar beliefs to you or have a similar socio-cultural background and experience.
Creating new ways of doing that are centred on removing barriers to access and participation, be they physical, psychological, social or financial.
How identities combine. How racism is experienced when combined with other prejudices e.g. those based on disability, class culture, age, gender, sexuality, migration, language.
Hatred and distrust of Muslims and Islam. Also Anti-Muslim racism.
Hateful and derogatory words, vocabulary and terms that are experienced as psychological violence. Also referred to as outdated language such as that found in historical records and archives.
Work on regions of the world and their people after the end of empire.
Institutional, structural and systemic racism = racist policy
and practice in terms of outcomes e.g. recruitment, decision-making, interpretation, collections development and management.
a proactive stance against racism in all forms seen in actions and work rather than statements and policy.
Often used interchangeably with repatriation, specifically to a clearly identified owner, but may also refer to restorative practices such as compensation.
Of cultural artefacts taken, looted (spoliated) during war or colonial occupation.
Whiteness, white gaze, white fragility, conditional whiteness.
Facets of cultural and historic attitudes to and by people of white British and European heritage as espoused in critical race theory.
Expression of colonial and and other power relations
Proclamation of not seeing or not choosing to notice dimensions of race in another, also called ‘oppression blindness’.
To deconstruct or displace colonial or dominant social, cultural and political structures that are based on the dominance of one group of people over another. Includes addressing concepts like white supremacy, and even the very idea of a museum and hierarchically organised collections.
Psychological burdens experienced mainly by people of colour to do all the work, in the same category as ‘diversity hires‘.
Manipulation of other people’s reality. Trying to get someone else (or a group of people) to question their own reality, memory or perceptions.
Less obvious racism in everyday life, e.g. “where are you from? No, where are you really from?”
Being pejorative about people different to you, or viewing all people who are different, e.g. those with a different appearance or voice as one homogeneous group e.g. migrants
Statements not backed up by actions and core practice.
Being self-aware of your power and privilege in relation to another.
Prejudice and discrimination.
Words commonly associated with oppressive power play.
Usually, not always, associated with white privilege. Systemic and institutional racism can benefit those with privilege, as well as disadvantage those without privilege.
Accusation commonly made against those who campaign for tangible decolonial acts, e.g. taking down statues of slave owners and proponents of Colonial and post-colonial racist policy; changing the names of galleries, rooms and museums; changing the school curriculum to more truthfully reflect Colonial racism, violence and oppression.
Accusation made by those from privileged groups (e.g. people of White European heritage) who experience prejudice from others based on their looks, colour of their skin or perceived life advantage.
On racism and racist practices, on prejudices, on policies that will exclude.
Trust and trustworthy.
Particularly important in museums as, in general, society believes museums to be trustworthy.
Violence and oppression.
Oppressive practices. Deeply rooted normalised practices and power play e.g. questions on diversity monitoring forms, procedures, the experience of confronting displays, language used in description, marketing and labelling, many others….
Associating yourself or organisation with a cause to make yourself look good by aligning yourself with others e.g. anti-racism or decolonisation, for example, by making statements, but not living by them or actioning them in practice.
Having sensitivity towards injustice, particularly racism, homophobia and ableism. Also used under the guise of culture wars as a derogatory term towards those raising awareness of injustice, especially racial injustice.
Glossary courtesy of Curatorial Research Centre, read more here.